使用Spring发送Html邮件


首先pom文件加入spring-boot-starter-mail,代码如下:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<project xmlns="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
         xsi:schemaLocation="http://maven.apache.org/POM/4.0.0 http://maven.apache.org/xsd/maven-4.0.0.xsd">
    <modelVersion>4.0.0</modelVersion>

    <groupId>com.dalaoyang</groupId>
    <artifactId>springboot_mail</artifactId>
    <version>0.0.1-SNAPSHOT</version>
    <packaging>jar</packaging>

    <name>springboot_mail</name>
    <description>springboot_mail</description>

    <parent>
        <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
        <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-parent</artifactId>
        <version>1.5.9.RELEASE</version>
        <relativePath/> <!-- lookup parent from repository -->
    </parent>

    <properties>
        <project.build.sourceEncoding>UTF-8</project.build.sourceEncoding>
        <project.reporting.outputEncoding>UTF-8</project.reporting.outputEncoding>
        <java.version>1.8</java.version>
    </properties>

    <dependencies>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-web</artifactId>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-devtools</artifactId>
            <scope>runtime</scope>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-test</artifactId>
            <scope>test</scope>
        </dependency>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-boot-starter-mail</artifactId>
        </dependency>
    </dependencies>

    <build>
        <plugins>
            <plugin>
                <groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
                <artifactId>spring-boot-maven-plugin</artifactId>
            </plugin>
        </plugins>
    </build>
</project>

接下来是application.properties,里面包含发送邮箱的地址,账号密码,接信地址,由于只是测试,所以都是固定写死的,如果项目中需要,可以根据自行情况进行修改。

##端口号
server.port=8888

##这里根据自己的情况填写
##邮箱服务器地址
##QQ smtp.qq.com
##sina smtp.sina.cn
##aliyun smtp.aliyun.com
##163 smtp.163.com
spring.mail.host=smtp.aliyun.com
##邮箱用户名
[email protected]
##邮箱密码(注意:qq邮箱应该使用独立密码,去qq邮箱设置里面获取)
spring.mail.password=******
##编码格式
spring.mail.default-encoding=UTF-8

##发送邮件地址
[email protected]
##接收邮件地址
[email protected]

然后先展示一下controller的完整代码:

package com.dalaoyang.controller;

import org.slf4j.Logger;
import org.slf4j.LoggerFactory;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Autowired;
import org.springframework.beans.factory.annotation.Value;
import org.springframework.core.io.FileSystemResource;
import org.springframework.mail.SimpleMailMessage;
import org.springframework.mail.javamail.JavaMailSender;
import org.springframework.mail.javamail.MimeMessageHelper;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RequestMapping;
import org.springframework.web.bind.annotation.RestController;

import javax.mail.MessagingException;
import javax.mail.internet.MimeMessage;
import java.io.File;

/**
 * @author dalaoyang
 * @Description
 * @project springboot_learn
 * @package com.dalaoyang.controller
 * @email [email protected]
 * @date 2018/4/10
 */
@RestController
public class MailController {

    private final Logger logger = LoggerFactory.getLogger(this.getClass());

    @Value("${mail.fromMail.sender}")
    private String sender;

    @Value("${mail.fromMail.receiver}")
    private String receiver;

    @Autowired
    private JavaMailSender javaMailSender;

    /* *
     * @Description  http://localhost:8888/sendMail
     * @author dalaoyang
     * @email [email protected]
     * @method 发送文本邮件
     * @date
     * @param
     * @return
     */
    @RequestMapping("/sendMail")
    public String sendMail() {
        SimpleMailMessage message = new SimpleMailMessage();
        message.setFrom(sender);
        message.setTo(receiver);
        message.setSubject("大老杨");
        message.setText("你好你好你好!");
        try {
            javaMailSender.send(message);
            logger.info("简单邮件已经发送。");
        } catch (Exception e) {
            logger.error("发送简单邮件时发生异常!", e);
        }
        return "success";
    }

    /* *
     * @Description  http://localhost:8888/sendHtmlMail
     * @author dalaoyang
     * @email [email protected]
     * @method 发送html邮件
     * @date
     * @param
     * @return
     */
    @RequestMapping("/sendHtmlMail")
    public String testHtmlMail() {
        String content="<html>\n" +
                "<body>\n" +
                "    <h3>hello world ! 这是一封Html邮件!</h3>\n" +
                "</body>\n" +
                "</html>";
        MimeMessage message = javaMailSender.createMimeMessage();

        try {
            //true表示需要创建一个multipart message
            MimeMessageHelper helper = new MimeMessageHelper(message, true);
            helper.setFrom(sender);
            helper.setTo(receiver);
            helper.setSubject("html mail");
            helper.setText(content, true);

            javaMailSender.send(message);
            logger.info("html邮件发送成功");
        } catch (MessagingException e) {
            logger.error("发送html邮件时发生异常!", e);
        }
        return "success";
    }

    /* *
     * @Description http://localhost:8888/sendFilesMail
     * @author dalaoyang
     * @email [email protected]
     * @method 发送附件邮件
     * @date
     * @param
     * @return
     */
    @RequestMapping("/sendFilesMail")
    public String sendFilesMail() {
        String filePath="/Users/dalaoyang/Downloads/article_tag.sql";
        MimeMessage message = javaMailSender.createMimeMessage();

        try {
            MimeMessageHelper helper = new MimeMessageHelper(message, true);
            helper.setFrom(sender);
            helper.setTo(receiver);
            helper.setSubject("附件邮件");
            helper.setText("这是一封带附件的邮件", true);

            FileSystemResource file = new FileSystemResource(new File(filePath));
            String fileName = filePath.substring(filePath.lastIndexOf(File.separator));
            helper.addAttachment(fileName, file);

            javaMailSender.send(message);
            logger.info("带附件的邮件已经发送。");
        } catch (MessagingException e) {
            logger.error("发送带附件的邮件时发生异常!", e);
        }
        return "success";
    }

    /* *
     * @Description http://localhost:8888/sendInlineResourceMail
     * @author dalaoyang
     * @email [email protected]
     * @method 发送图片邮件
     * @date
     * @param
     * @return
     */
    @RequestMapping("/sendInlineResourceMail")
    public String sendInlineResourceMail() {
        String Id = "dalaoyang12138";
        String content="<html><body>这是有图片的邮件:<img src=\'cid:" + Id + "\' ></body></html>";
        String imgPath = "/Users/dalaoyang/Downloads/dalaoyang.jpeg";
        MimeMessage message = javaMailSender.createMimeMessage();

        try {
            MimeMessageHelper helper = new MimeMessageHelper(message, true);
            helper.setFrom(sender);
            helper.setTo(receiver);
            helper.setSubject("这是有图片的邮件");
            helper.setText(content, true);

            FileSystemResource res = new FileSystemResource(new File(imgPath));
            helper.addInline(Id, res);

            javaMailSender.send(message);
            logger.info("嵌入静态资源的邮件已经发送。");
        } catch (MessagingException e) {
            logger.error("发送嵌入静态资源的邮件时发生异常!", e);
        }
        return "success";
    }
}

本文分4种情况:

1.发送简单的文本邮件
/* *
     * @Description  http://localhost:8888/sendMail
     * @author dalaoyang
     * @email [email protected]
     * @method 发送文本邮件
     * @date
     * @param
     * @return
     */
    @RequestMapping("/sendMail")
    public String sendMail() {
        SimpleMailMessage message = new SimpleMailMessage();
        message.setFrom(sender);
        message.setTo(receiver);
        message.setSubject("大老杨");
        message.setText("你好你好你好!");
        try {
            javaMailSender.send(message);
            logger.info("简单邮件已经发送。");
        } catch (Exception e) {
            logger.error("发送简单邮件时发生异常!", e);
        }
        return "success";
    }

访问http://localhost:8888/sendMail,可以看到页面上显示success,在去看邮箱可以看到如下图,证明发送成功

image

2.发送html邮件
/* *
     * @Description  http://localhost:8888/sendHtmlMail
     * @author dalaoyang
     * @email [email protected]
     * @method 发送html邮件
     * @date
     * @param
     * @return
     */
    @RequestMapping("/sendHtmlMail")
    public String testHtmlMail() {
        String content="<html>\n" +
                "<body>\n" +
                "    <h3>hello world ! 这是一封Html邮件!</h3>\n" +
                "</body>\n" +
                "</html>";
        MimeMessage message = javaMailSender.createMimeMessage();

        try {
            //true表示需要创建一个multipart message
            MimeMessageHelper helper = new MimeMessageHelper(message, true);
            helper.setFrom(sender);
            helper.setTo(receiver);
            helper.setSubject("html mail");
            helper.setText(content, true);

            javaMailSender.send(message);
            logger.info("html邮件发送成功");
        } catch (MessagingException e) {
            logger.error("发送html邮件时发生异常!", e);
        }
        return "success";
    }

访问http://localhost:8888/sendHtmlMail,可以看到页面上显示success,在去看邮箱可以看到如下图,证明发送成功

image

3.发送附件邮件
/* *
     * @Description http://localhost:8888/sendFilesMail
     * @author dalaoyang
     * @email [email protected]
     * @method 发送附件邮件
     * @date
     * @param
     * @return
     */
    @RequestMapping("/sendFilesMail")
    public String sendFilesMail() {
        String filePath="/Users/dalaoyang/Downloads/article_tag.sql";
        MimeMessage message = javaMailSender.createMimeMessage();

        try {
            MimeMessageHelper helper = new MimeMessageHelper(message, true);
            helper.setFrom(sender);
            helper.setTo(receiver);
            helper.setSubject("附件邮件");
            helper.setText("这是一封带附件的邮件", true);

            FileSystemResource file = new FileSystemResource(new File(filePath));
            String fileName = filePath.substring(filePath.lastIndexOf(File.separator));
            helper.addAttachment(fileName, file);

            javaMailSender.send(message);
            logger.info("带附件的邮件已经发送。");
        } catch (MessagingException e) {
            logger.error("发送带附件的邮件时发生异常!", e);
        }
        return "success";
    }

访问http://localhost:8888/sendFilesMail,可以看到页面上显示success,在去看邮箱可以看到如下图,证明发送成功

image

4.发送图片邮件
 /* *
     * @Description http://localhost:8888/sendInlineResourceMail
     * @author dalaoyang
     * @email [email protected]
     * @method 发送图片邮件
     * @date
     * @param
     * @return
     */
    @RequestMapping("/sendInlineResourceMail")
    public String sendInlineResourceMail() {
        String Id = "dalaoyang12138";
        String content="<html><body>这是有图片的邮件:<img src=\'cid:" + Id + "\' ></body></html>";
        String imgPath = "/Users/dalaoyang/Downloads/dalaoyang.jpeg";
        MimeMessage message = javaMailSender.createMimeMessage();

        try {
            MimeMessageHelper helper = new MimeMessageHelper(message, true);
            helper.setFrom(sender);
            helper.setTo(receiver);
            helper.setSubject("这是有图片的邮件");
            helper.setText(content, true);

            FileSystemResource res = new FileSystemResource(new File(imgPath));
            helper.addInline(Id, res);

            javaMailSender.send(message);
            logger.info("嵌入静态资源的邮件已经发送。");
        } catch (MessagingException e) {
            logger.error("发送嵌入静态资源的邮件时发生异常!", e);
        }
        return "success";
    }

访问http://localhost:8888/sendInlineResourceMail,可以看到页面上显示success,在去看邮箱可以看到如下图,证明发送成功

image

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